I. Social indicators
There is forecast, that Mongolian population reach 2736.8 thousand, this has increased by 53.2 thousand person or 1.98 percent compared with the 2008 year. By data sources of the Ministry of Health, in 2009, births per 1000 population was 25.1, mortality per 1000 population was 5.7 and natural increase per 1000 population was 19.4. As of the 2009, the number of births (live birth) reached 68544 and it shows an increase of 5457 or 8.6 percent compared to the previous year at national level. The number of mothers delivered children was 68762 and it has an increase of 5500 or 8.7 percent compared with the previous year.
The number of infant mortality reached 1386 and it increased by 146 infants and the number of maternal deaths was 56 and increased by 25, while the number of underfive mortality shows 240 at the same level compared with the previous year.
As results of LFS, for 3rd quarter of2009, the number of unemployed was 119.0 thous, out of them, a number of unemployed who had registered at Labour and Welfare Service Divisions in aimags and the capital city and were actively looking for job reached 38.1 thous at the end of December 2009. It shows an increase of 8264 or 27.7 percent compared with the same period of the previous year. Such increase of registered unemployed was mainly due to increase of unemployed who had registered in some aimags, namely Tuv (431 persons), Uvurkhangai (453 persons), Darkhan-uul (482 persons), Khovd (483 persons), Bayankhongor (696 persons), Zavkhan (699 persons), Uvs (848 persons), Bulgan (1827 persons), and Ulaanbaatar city (1350 persons), respectively...
At the beginning of academic school year 2009-2010 number of students and pupils in educational institutions in all types reached (excluded students studying abroad and pupils studying in schools with evening classes) 841.1 thousand and decreased by 20.7 thousand or 2.4 percent compared with previous year.
The share of female students to the total students was 52.1, in kindergartens 50.3 in general educational schools 50.3 in technical and vocational schools 47.0 and in universities and colleges 60.4. Sex ratio in all types of educational institutions was 50.6, in kindergartens 50.4 in general educational schools 50.6 in technical and vocational schools 47.0 and in universities and colleges 60.7.
In 2009, number of insurers was 556.6 thous.persons, 63.3 percent or 352.1 thousand insurers from total were employees of establishments and 36.7 percent or 204.5 thousand insurers were government institutions’ emloyees.
Through the social insurance fund, 333.8 bln.tug allocated for pension. 72.0 percent of total allocated pension was for elderly, 13.4 percent was pension for disabled persons, 8.0 percent was pension for persons who lost foster and 6.6 percent was pension for military.
In 2009, 1.4 million people received pensions, benefits and assistances with the total amount of 120.1 bln.tug. The number of social welfare service recievers has been increased by 7.5 thousand people or 0.6
percent, the total amount of the allocated fund by 5.4 bln.tug or 4.7 percent in compared with the previous year.
As of the 2009, the number of infectious diseases was 38.9 thous and showing a decrease of 4934 cases or 11.3 percent compared to the 2008. The number of persons infected by shigellosis an increased by 746 persons or 31.7 percent, and gonococcal infection by 209 persons or 3.4 percent. While, the number of persons infected by viral hepatitis, varicella, trichomoniasis and syphilis declined by 3539 persons or 34.0 percent, by 407 persons or 19.7 percent, by 761 persons or 11.7 percent, and by 67 persons 1.3 percent, respectively.
As of 31 st of December, 2009, total 1240 persons infected by pandemic (H1N1) and 811 or 65.4 percent out of them recorded at the Ulaanbaatar city and remain 429 persons or 34.5 percent was recorded in 21 aimags. Out of total recorded pandemic (H1N1) cases in aimags, several aimags have recorded higher prevalence of pandemic (H1N1), namely, 62 persons or 5.0 percent recorded in Uvurkhangai, 36 persons or 2.9 percent are in Darkhan-Uul, 35 persons or 2.8 percent are in Selenge, 33 persons or 2.7 percent are in Orkhon, 28 persons or 2.3 percent are in Dornogovi, 27 persons or 2.2 percent are in Khovd, 25 persons or 2.0 percent in Govisumber, 23 persons or 1.9 percent are in Zavkhan and Dornod, and 19 persons or 1.5 percent are in Dundgovi and Tuv, 17 persons or 1.4 percent are in Uvs and 16 persons or 1.3 percent recorded in Bayan-Ulgii aimag respectively. Totally 28 persons were died due to this virus, and 5 of them were pregnant mothers.
The total number of crimes committed in 2009 was 20373, reflecting a decrease of 331 crimes or 1.6 percent compared with the same period of the previous year. The decrease in the number of crimes recorded at the Police Office was mainly due to 6.7-12.5 percent decrease in crimes such as crime against social safety, crime against ownership right, and crime against child, family and social morality.
II. Macro economical indicators
The preliminary GDP of 2009 reached 6055.8 bln.togrogs at current prices and 3564.3 bln.togrogs at 2005 constant prices. It shows an increase by 0.6 percent at current prices and a decrease by 1.6 percent at 2005 constant prices compared with the previous year.
This decline was mainly due to decrease of value added of wholesale & retail trade by 26.6 percent, financial intermediation by 20.4 percent, construction by 48.8 percent, and net taxes on production by 16.6 percent respectively, compared with previous year.
The national consumer price index in the end of 2009 increased by 0.7 percent and by 4.2 percent compared with the previous month and the end of previous year, respectively. Àll price group increased by 0.4- 20.2 percent, which resulted in the 4.2 percent increase in the overall index compared to the end of previous year.
According to the report of the Bank of Mongolia, money supply (broad money or M2) at the end of 2009, expanded to 2880.0 bln.togrogs, which reflects an increase of 164.8 bln.togrogs or 6.1 percent, over November 2009 and an increase of 610.0 bln.togrogs, or 26.9 percent, compared to December 2008.
At the end of December 2009, currency issued in circulation reached 371.8 bln.togrogs demonstrating an increase of 7.9 bln.togrogs, or 2.2 percent compared to November 2009, and a decrease of 35.4 bln.togrogs, or 8.7 percent compared to December 2008. Loans outstanding at the end of December 2009, amounted to 2655.0 bln.togrogs, an increase of 23.0 bln.togrogs, or 0.9 percent over the November 2009, and of 19.4 bln.togrogs, or 0.7 percent, compared to December 2008.
Meanwhile, principals in arrears decreased by 44.7 bln.togrogs or 26.9 percent over the November of 2009, reaching 121.7 bln.togrogs which was 4.6 percent of total loans outstanding and increased by 28.4
bln.togrogs or 1.3 times compared to December of 2008. The non-performing loans reached 462.0 bln.togrogs, which was 17.4 percent of the total loans outstanding and it is increased by 5.9 bln.togrogs or 1.3 percent over the November of 2009, and by 273.3 bln.togrogs or 2.4 times compared with December of 2008.
In 2009, there were 255 trading days and 89.9 mln.shares valued at 23.2 bln.togrogs were traded. The number of shares traded decreased by 80.3 mln.stocks or 47.2 percent and the value of traded stocks by 39.2 bln.togrogs or 62.8 percent compared to the previous year respectively. As of the preliminary result of 2009, total revenue and grants of General Government budget amounted to 1993.0 bln.togrogs and total expenditure and net lending was 2321.6 bln.togrogs representing a deficit of 328.6 bln.togrogs in the General Government budget overall balance. The higher deficit by 32.2 bln.togrogs against the previous year was due to total revenue decline which was by 2.3 point higher than the total expenditure decline.
Current revenue of General Government amounted to 1965.5 bln.togrogs and current expenditure reached 1792.1 bln.togrogs. Thus, the budget current balance was in surplus of 173.4 bln.togrogs.
Compared with the previous year, tax revenue declined by 275.6 bln.togrogs or 14.6 percent. This was mainly due to decreases of 198.3 bln.togrogs or 51.1 percent in price increase tax of some products, of 47.9 bln.togrogs or 18.9 percentin corporate income tax, of 42.2 bln.togrogs or 11.5 percent in value added tax, and of 11.7 bln.togrogs or 6.6 percent in excise taxes.
Compared with the previous year, non-tax revenue increased by 90.1 bln.togrogs or 34.6 percent, out of which dividends went up by 75.5 bln.togrogs or 3.3 times, revenue from navigation by 11.5 bln.togrogs or 60.1 percent respectively. Compared with the previous year, total expenditure and net lending of the General Government budget reached 2321.6 bln.togrogs reflecting the decrease of 145.2 bln.togrogs and 5.9 percent. This was mainly due to declines of 34.4 bln.togrogs or 6.3 percent in wages and salaries and 107.2 bln.togrogs or 15.6 percent in subsidies and transfers, although decreases of 119.8 bln.togrogs or 23.5 percent in other goods & services expenses and, of 166.5 bln.togrogs or 26.7 percent in capital expenditure.
Spending of 457.9 bln.togrogs on capital expenditure as of the preliminary result of 2009 was lower by 166.5 bln.togrogs or 26.7 percent over the of previous year. Decrease in capital expenditure was due to a decline of 91.5 bln.togrogs, or 19.2 percent in domestic investment of internal sources and of 67.1 bln.togrogs, or 76.6 percent in acquisition of stock.
As of the 2009, Mongolia traded with 118 countries from all over the world and total external trade turnover reached 4033.9 mln.US dollars, of which exports made up 1902.6 mln.US dollars and import did 2131.3 mln.US dollars.
External trade balance in 2009, showed a deficit of 228.7 mln.US dollars, by 481.3 mln.US dollars or 3.1 times decrease compared with the previous year. Compared with the previous year, total external trade turnover declined by 1745.1 mln.US dollars, or 30.2 percent, of which exports by 631.9 mln.US dollars, or 24.9 percent, imports by 1113.3 mln.US dollars, or 34.3 percent respectively.
Compared with the same period of the previous year, total export fell due to declines of 39.9 percent in value of copper concentrate; and of 20.8 percent in value of zinc concentrate; and of 47.1 percent in volume and 44.0 percent in value of gold, in unwrought or semi-manufactured forms, respectively.
III. Economical sector indicators
According to the results of the 2009 livestock census 44.0 mln. livestock was counted, of which 277.1 thous.camel, 2221.3 thous.horse, 2599.3 thous.cattle, 19274.7 thous.sheeps and 19651.5 thous.goat.
The total number of livestock increased by 1.7 percent or 735.5 thous.heads compared with the previous year, of which camel by 4.0 percent or 10.7 thous., horse by 1.6 percent or 34.4 thous., cattle by 3.8 percent or 95.9 thous., sheep by 5.0 percent or 912.4 thous increased, but goat decreased by 1.6 percent or 317.9 thous. As of the 2009, 1732.9 thousand adult animals have been lost it is equals to 4.0
percent of total livestock at the beginning of the year. Compared with the previous year, the number of losses of adult animals increased by 92.3 thousand heads or 5.6 percent. Out of losses of adult animals, 90.0 percent were the camels, cattles and horses and 10.0 percent were the goats and sheeps.
As of the 2009, were harvested total amount of 391.7 thous.tons cereals, 151.2 thous.tons potatoes, 78.0 thous.tons vegetables and prepared 893.4 thous.tons hay harvest. Compared with the previous year, volume of cereals, potatoes were increased by 178.8 thous.tons or 84.0 percent, 16.4 thous.tons or 12.2 percent, but volume of vegetables, hay harvest and fodder were decreased 0.6 thous.tons or 0.7 percent, 137.5 thous.tons or 13.3 percent and 11.3 thous.tons or 32.8 percent respectively.
As of the 2009, the total industrial output reached 1704.7 bln.togrogs demonstrating a decrease of 3.3 percent or by 58.1 bln.togrogs (at 2005 constant prices), compared with the pervious year. The fall in the industrial output was due to a decrease of 83.3 bln.togrogs or 14.2 percent in manufacturing sector output and of 48.9 bln.togrogs or 6.2 percent in mining of metal ores division output. Compared with the previous year, the output of the mining and quarrying sector was decreased mainly due to the 0.6-72.8 percent reduction in output of main mining products such as iron ore, zincum concentrate, fluor spar concentrate, gold and tangsten concentrate.
At the same time, 14.2 percent decrease in output of manufacturing sector was mainly due to the 2.6-92.6 percent reduction in output of products such as bakery products, copper, soft drinks, sausage, combed down, breads, cement, cigarettes, lime, carpet, metal steel, spirit, metal foundries, concentrate mortar, solid concentrate, articles of iron concrete and molybdenum concentrate.
As of the 2009, construction and installation work worth 279.4 bln.togrogs were carried out. Of which 250.6 bln.togrogs or 89.7 percent were executed by domestic entities, and 28.8 bln.togrogs or 10.6 percent by foreign entities. As of the 2009, 24.7 mln.ton freight and 232.4 mln.passenger (duplicated) were carried by all types of transport. Compared with the same period of the previous year, carried freight rose by 3.5 percent or 825.3 thous.ton, and carried passengers by 0.3 percent or 0.8 mln.persons.
The growth in the volume of freight was due to an increase of 1.3 mln.ton, or 14.1 percent, in freight carried by the auto transport compared to the previous year. Compared to the previous year, passengers carried by auto transport increased by 2.1 mln.persons, while those carried by railway and air transport decreased by 1.3 mln.persons and by 56.4 thous.persons respectively. Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology reveals that maximum precipitation was (15.9 mm) in Tsagaandelger soum of Dundgovi aimag. Absolute high air temperature reached 6.3°C in Dalanzadgad soum of Umnugovi aimag, whereas absolute low air temperature was -46.3°C in Tosontsengel soum of Zavkhan aimag. Highest cover of snow was 40 cm in Tovshruuleh soum of Arkhangai aimag. Maximum wind speed reached 40 m/sec in Mandalgovi soum of Dundgovi aimag in December, 2009.
Concentration of sulphur dioxide exceeded from the maximum allowable concentration of air quality standard by 30 times around the Khan-Uul district, 20 times around the 1 st micro district, 30 times around the 13 th micro district, 19 times around the 32 nd Toirog and 28 times around the Offitseruudiin ordon; nitrogen dioxide exceeded by 18 times around the west crossroad, 9 times around the 1st micro district, 22 times around the 13th micro district, 16 times around the 32nd Toirog and 12 times around the Offitseruudiin ordon; particulate matter less than ten micrograms exceeded by 9 times around the Khan-uul district, 8 times around the west crossroad, 27 times around the 1 st micro district, 26 times around the 13 th micro district in the Ulaanbaatar city. Also, particulate matter less than ten micrograms exceeded by 26 times in Darkhan soum of Darkhan-Uul aimag; carbon dioxide exceeded 2 times around the 1 st micro district in December, 2009.
National emergency and management agency reveals that there were 2460 disasters in 2009. Damage of disasters amount was 9.8 bln.togrogs, 248 people died, 990 dwellings have burnt fire and 334.3 thousand livestock had lost. By the types of disasters, there were 120 times forest fires, 2165 times object fires, 15 strong storm, 10 thunderstorm and flood, 18 of anthrax have registered.