I. Social indicators
In 2012, 74474 mothers delivered 74778 children (live births) increased by 4146 mothers or 5.9 percent and 4202 children or 6.0 percent, compared to the previous year.
In 2012, at the national level the infant mortality has decreased by 9 or 0.8 percent to 1143 and mortality children aged 1-5 has decreased by 5 or 1.9 percent to 253 compared to the previous year.
The number of unemployed reached 35.8 thousand at the end of December 2012, reflecting an increase of 21.4 thous.persons or 37.4 percent compared to the same period of the previous year.
As of the beginning of 2012/2013 academic year, number of students and pupils in all levels of educational institutions reached 897.9 thous.persons, increased by 7.3 thous.persons or 0.8 percent compared to the previous year.
In the 2011/2012 academic year, 167.8 thous.students and pupils graduated all levels of educational institutions, of which 107.0 thous.pupils graduated general education schools (66.8 thous.pupils 9th grade, 38.6 thous.pupils 11th grade), 23.1 thous.students graduated technical and vocational schools, 37.7 thous.students graduated universities, higher educational institutions and colleges.
In 2012, 741.4 thous.persons were insured, out of which 504.3 thousand or 68.0 percent were s and 237.1 thousand or 32.0 percent were state institutions. Compared to same period of the previous year, the number of insured bodies has increased by 87.9 thousand or 13.4 percent, from which establishments or companies have increased by 75.3 thousand or 17.6 percent and state institutions increased by 12.6 thousand or 5.6 percent...
In 2012, social welfare payments were allocated to 60.7 thous.persons, showing an increase by 3.8 thous.persons or 6.8 percent. The total amount of the allocated fund increased by 29.3 bln.tog or 82.8 percent compared to the previous year.
In 2012, the total number of infectious disease cases reached 43305. This is an increase by 466 cases or 1.1 percent compared to the previous year. The increase in the number of infectious disease cases occured mainly due to the growth of mumps by 8044 or 8.9 times, syphilis 686 or 16.1 percent, trichomniasis 158 or 4.0 percent and gonococcal 192 or 3.7 percent. Hence number of viral hepatitis has decreased 7816 or 53.3 percent, varicella 291 or 9.4 percent, shigellosis 69 or 3.3 percent and tuberculosis 41 or 1.0 percent.
At national level, there were registered 22089 crimes in 2012. It is an increase by 2892 or 15.1 percent compared to the previous year. The number of convicted crimes has mainly growth due to the increase of the crime against the right of ownership (1791), crime against human life and health (or physical well-being) (693), crimes against environmental protection rules (140), crime against rules of safety of traffic and use of motor vehicles (129) compared to the previous year.
As a result of the crimes 8436 have injured and 901 have died. The number of injured has increased up by 336 or 4.1 percent and the death cases has decreased by 21 persons or 2.3 percent compared to the previous year.
II. Macroeconomic indicators
According to the preliminary estimates, GDP by production approach amounted to 13944.2 bln.tog at current price, 5492.7 bln.tog at 2005 constant price in 2012, up 2856.5 bln.tug or 25.8 percent at current price and 600.9 bln.tug or 12.3 percent at constant price compared to the previous year.
The real GDP growth for 2012 was mainly due to the 21.3 percent increase in agricultural sector, 8.9 percent increase in mining and quarrying sector, 11.4 percent increase in transportation sector and 9.2 percent increase in wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles sector.
According to preliminary estimates for 2012, GDP was 14621.1 bln.tog at current prices and 5509.1 bln.tog at constant prices of 2005 by expenditure approaches, reflecting increases of 3452.9 bln.tog or 30.9 percent percent at current prices and of 598.6 bln.tog or 12.2 percent at constant prices compared to the previous year. In 2012, increases of 18.1 percent in final consumption and of 24.0 percent in gross capital formation contributed to this real GDP growth.
The 2012 preliminary estimates for GDP at current prices by expenditure approaches show that the share of final consumption, gross capital formation and net export in GDP was 64.2 percent, 60.6 percent, and -24.7 percent. Compared to the previous year, the share of final consumption and net export in GDP increased 1.9 points and 0.4 points while that of the gross capital formation in GDP decreased 1.5 points.
In 2012, a rise in the final consumption was the main factor leading to this changes in the GDP. The national consumer price index in December 2012, has increased by 0.8 percent compared to the previous month and 14.0 percent compared to same period of the previous year. The annual average inflation rate was 14.3 percent. The increase in national index in December 2012, has increased by 0.8 percent compared to the previous month. It was mainly due to the price growth of increases of food and non-alcoholic beverages by 1.7 percent and transport by 1.1 percent.
According to the report of the Bank of Mongolia, money supply (broad money or M2) at the end of December 2012, has reached 7617.2 bln.tog, reflecting an increase of 584.0 bln.tog or 8.3 percent compared to the previous month and 1204.9 bln.tog or 18.8 percent compared to same period of the previous year.
At the end of December 2012, issued currency in circulation has reached 828.5 bln.tog. This is an increase by 106.4 bln.tog or 14.7 percent compared to the previous month and 115.1 bln.tog or 16.1 percent compared to same period of the previous year.
Loans outstanding at the end of December 2012, have amounted to 6990.5 bln.tog, up by 122.7 bln.tog or 1.8 percent compared to the previous month and 1349.3 bln.tog or 23.9 percent compared to same period of the previous year.
Principals in arrears at the end of December 2012, has reached 110.6 bln.tog, decreased by 37.1 bln.tog or 25.1 percent compared to the previous month and increased by 36.9 bln.tog or 50.1 percent compared to same period of the previous year.
At the end of December 2012, the non-performing loans over the bank system reached 295.1 bln.tog, showing a decrease of 3.4 bln.tog or 1.1 percent compared to the previous month and 34.9 bln.tog or 10.6 percent compared to same period of the previous year.
In December 2012, there were 20 trading days during which 1.5 mln.shares valued at 1.1 bln.tog were traded. As of the preliminary result of 2012, total equilibrated revenue and grants of the General Government Budget amounted to 4880.9 bln.tog and total expenditure and net lending amounted to 6043.9 bln.tog, representing deficit of 1163.0 bln.tog in the equilibrated balance of General Government Budget.
As of the preliminary result of 2012, current revenue of the General Government Budget amounted to 4840.8 bln.tog and current expenditure reached 4590.1 bln.tog. Thus, the budget equilibrated current balance was in surplus of 250.6 bln.tog.
Compared to the previous year, tax revenue has expanded by 533.4 bln.tog or 14.5 percent. The increase was mainly due to the increases of 212.9 bln.tog or 45.0 percent in social security contribution, 198.8 bln.tog or 13.9 percent in taxes on goods and services, 91.0 bln.tog or 15.9 percent in other taxes, 36.2 bln.tog or 4.3 percent in income tax and 4.5 bln.tog or 26.2 percent property taxes.
Compared to the previous year, non-tax revenue has increased by 93.7 bln.tog or 17.2 percent. The increase was mainly due to the increases of 66.8 bln.tog or 75.5 percent in revenues from dividends, 32.5 bln.tog or 42.8 percent in revenues from oil petroleum, 20.7 bln.tog or 35.7 percent in revenues from interest, 11.9 bln.tog or 22.8 percent in revenues from others and 3.6 bln.tog or 10.2 percent in navigation fee although there was decreases of 41.8 bln.tog or 17.9 percent in revenues from budjet entities.
As of the preliminary result of 2012, total expenditure and net lending of the General Government Budget has increased by 1046.9 bln.tog or 20.9 percent to 6043.9 bln.tog compared to same period of the previus year. This was mainly due to increases of 705.2 bln.tog or 46.9 percent in expenditure of goods and services, 559.4 bln.tog or 33.0 percent in subsidies and transfers, 103.5 bln.tog or 8.1 percent in capital expenditure and 89.1 bln.tog or 3.4 times in interest payments although there was a decrease of 410.4 bln.tog or 85.5 percent in lending minus repayments.
As of the preliminary result of 2012, spending of 1384.4 bln.tog on capital expenditure increased by 103.5 bln.tog or 8.1 percent compared to the previous year. This was mainly due to decreases of 8.0 bln.tog or 4.7 percent in capital expenditure of foreign financed and increases of 111.5 bln.tog or 10.0 percent in capital expenditure of domestic sources compared to the previous year.
As of the preliminary result of 2012, Mongolia trade relations with 146 countries from all over the world. The total external trade turnover reached 11123.5 mln.US dollars, of which exports made up 4384.6 mln.US dollars and imports made up 6738.9 mln.US dollars.
The foreign trade balance has showed a deficit 1780.9 mln.US dollars in 2011, reflecting an increase of 1489.3 mln.US dollars or 6.1 times compared to the previous year.
As of the preliminary result of 2012, foreign trade balance showed a deficit of 2354.3 mln.US dollars.It is an expansion by 573.4 mln.US dollars or 32.2 percent compared to the previous year. Total external trade turnover decreased 292.4 mln.US dollars or 2.6 percent, of which exports reduced by 432.9 mln.US dollars or 9.0 percent and imports grown by 140.5 mln.US dollars or 2.1 percent, compared to the previous year.
Mineral products, textiles & textile articles, natural or cultured stones, precious metal, jewellery, coins, raw & processed hides, skins, fur & articles, live animals, animals, origin products accounted for 98.6 percent of the total export value.
III. Economic sector indicators
At national level as of the end of 2012, 40.9 mln.livestock were counted, of which 2330.4 thous.horse, 2584.6 thous.cattle, 305.8 thous.camel, 18141.4 thous.sheeps and 17558.7 thous.goat.
The total number of livestock increased by 4.6 mln.heads or 12.6 percent compared to the previous year, of which horse by 217.5 thousand or 10.3 percent, cattle by 244.9 thousand or 10.5 percent, camel by 25.8 thousand or 9.2 percent, sheep by 2.5 mln or 15.8 percent, goat by 1.6 mln or 10.2 percent.
In 2012, 0.4 mln.heads of adult animals had lost, which equals to 1.2 percent of total livestock at beginning of the year. In 2012, 479.3 thous.tons of cereals, 245.9 thous.tons of potatoes, 98.9 thous.tons of vegetables were harvested and 1175.1 thous.tons of gross hay harvest, 39.1 thous.tons of handmade fodder were produced. Cereals harvest rose by 33.2 thous.tons or 7.5 percent, while potatoes rose by 44.3 thous.tons or 22.0 percent, vegetables down by 56.3 tons or 0.1 percent, gross hay harvest by 20.1 thous.tons or 1.7 percent, handmade fodder by 7.7 thous.tons or 16.4 percent compared to previous year.
In 2012, the total industrial output increased by 147.8 bln.tog or 7.2 percent to 2206.8 bln.tog (at 2005 constant prices) compared to the previous year. The increase in the industrial output was mainly due to 0.1-42.6 percent, increases in mining and quarrying products such as copper concentrate with 35 percent, gold, zincum concentrate, iron ore, flour spar concentrate, crude oil and 0.8 percent to 3.9 times increases in industrial main products of manufacturing sector such as kind of sausage, metal foundries, knitted goods, alcoholic beverage, bakery products, bread, carpet, flour, bottled water, fodder, electric wire, metal steel, beer, milk, sawn wood, contrite mortar, plastering mortar, briquette and metal sleeper.
In 2012, a total of 811.3 bln.tog of construction and installation work were carried out at the national level, of which, 748.1 bln.tog or 92.2 percent of the work were executed by domestic entities and 63.2 bln.tog or 7.8 percent by foreign entities. The 66.3 bln.tog or 8.9 percent increase of construction and installation work compared to the previous year was mainly due to the 90.9 bln.tog or 13.8 percent increase in works executed by domestic entities.
In 2012, 53.3 mln.tons freight and 318.7 mln.passengers (double counting) were carried by all types of transport, carried freight rose by 9.2 mln.tons or 21.0 percent and carried passengers by 22.5 mln.persons or 7.6 percent, compared to the previous year.
In 2012, 4040 disasters and accidents occurred. As a result, 237 people died, 13.0 thous.livestock and animals had lost. There were 3501 fires of consruction, 229 forest fires and wildfires, 105 accidental drowning and submersion incidents, 35 animal madness diseases, 34 heavy rain and floods, 28 incidents related to artisan mining rock falls, 26 severe storms, 19 thunders, 15 malignant anthrax, earthquakes with magnitude greater than 3.5 respectively, and 11 emergency calls related to chemical substance usage. In 2012, estimated damage caused by the disasters and accidents amounted 94.5 bln.tog.
Compared to the previous year, the occurance of disasters and accidents has increased by 492, during which 24 persons had died. According to the report of the Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, the maximum precipitation level was registered in Khalkhgol soum (16.9 mm) of Dornod aimag in December 2012. In December 2012, Tsogt soum of Govi-Altai aimag had the highest air temperature (4.0°C), while Tsetsen-Uul soum of Zavkhan aimag had the lowest air temperature (-50.0°C). The wind speed reached 24 m/sec in Shinejinst soum of Bayankhongor aimag and Manlai soum of Omnogovi aimag.
As of December 2012 the daily average concentration of nitrogen dioxide has exceeded 29 times in the area of the 32nd Toirog of Ulaanbaatar city and Kharkhorin market respectively, 28 times in the area of the West crossroad, 26 times in the area of the 13th micro district, 12 times in the area of the Offitseruudiin ordon and the 1th micro district respectively. More over the daily average concentration of sulphur dioxide has exceeded 31 times in the area of the 32nd Toirog and the Offitseruudiin ordon respectively, 30 times in the area of the 13th micro district, 28 times in the area of the 1th micro district, 25 times in the area of Kharkhorin market and 23 times in the area of the West crossroad. The particulate matter less than 10 micrograms has exceeded 28 times in the area of the 32nd Toirog and Kharkhorin market respectively, 27 times in the area of the 13th micro district and 26 times in the area of the West crossroad, particulate matter less than 2.5 micrograms exceeded 27 times in the area of the West crossroad from the maximum allowable concentration of air quality standard.